References

Recent Writings

“The Economic Progress of African Americans, 1970-2000”

The Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis conducted a study of the economic status of black men between 1970 and 2000. Drawing on data from 14 cities, the bank chronicled the extent to which black male economic progress was hampered by the trend of industrial disinvestment. Fed Reserve – Econ 1970-2000

“Divided by Law: The Sit-Ins and the Role of the Courts in the Civil Rights Movement”

Christopher W. Schmidt is an assistant professor at Illinois Institute of Technology’s Chicago-Kent College of Law. His scholarly article chronicles the courts and black student sit-ins for access to public accommodations — how did such events influence the meaning of “civil rights” in the 1960s?  Schmidt-Divided By Law (12.12.13)

How Women Became Part of the Civil Rights Act

This webpage chronicles the way sex discrimination provisions were inserted in the 1964 Civil Rights Act. It was an act of desperation by opponents to racial justice. They hoped to kill the bill by upping the ante and scaring off supporters — their efforts backfired: women and civil right act

Impact of the Civil Rights Laws

The U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights chronicled the impact of the 1964 Civil Rights Act on other vulnerable classes. The civil rights movement led to expanded awareness of rights and promotion of legal protections for women, the middle-aged, and the disabled. Post-1964 expansion of civil rights protections

“Protecting Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered Workers”

The American Constitution Society for Law and Policy examined the application of civil rights laws in protecting LGBT workers. Court decisions appear to protect the rights of transgendered workers foremost. civil rights act and LGBT protection

Vintage Materials

President John Kennedy’s 1963 Report to the American People on Civil Rights

CBS News Special Report on JFK’s radio and television report to the American people on civil rights. He responds to the threats of violence and obstruction on the University of Alabama campus following desegregation attempts, explaining that all American students are entitled to attend public educational institutions, regardless of race. He asks Congress to enact legislation protecting all Americans’ voting rights, legal standing, educational opportunities, and access to public facilities, but recognizes that legislation alone cannot solve the country’s problems concerning race relations. http://www.jfklibrary.org/Asset-Viewer/LH8F_0Mzv0e6Ro1yEm74Ng.aspx

Eyes on the Prize is the definitive documentary series on the history of the civil rights movement. According to PBS’s American Experience, the 1980s series “recounts the fight to end decades of discrimination and segregation. It is the story of the people — young and old, male and female, northern and southern — who, compelled by a meeting of conscience and circumstance, worked to eradicate a world where whites and blacks could not go to the same school, ride the same bus, vote in the same election, or participate equally in society.”  http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/about/fd.html

“Black Progress: How far we’ve come, and how far we have to go”

“Three Decades of Mass Immigration: The Legacy of the 1965 Immigration Act”

The Center for Immigration Studies links the momentum of the civil rights movement to the landmark reforms to immigration laws in 1965. Civil Rights Movement and Expanded Immigrant Protections

 

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