For years the academic publishing industry, scientific most notably, published with little to no compensation. This isn’t unsurprising as the saying publish or perish exists to this day. However, in the last few years universities and libraries have not been shelling out money for these papers from the source publishers but rather open access websites like the one created by a grad student Sci-Hub which offers free research papers up to 2015 that would have been paywalled elsewhere. Libraries have been announcing plans to cancel subscriptions with places like Dutch research giant Elsevier in favor of open access systems, yet not at a great cost to them. To keep up with the demand to make articles and papers free they’ve instituted writing fees ranging from $500-$5000. The model has changed from a two party respect to a one party replacement.